Operational Data Checking

An automatic data checking system has been implemented at ECMWF to trigger warnings in case of anomalies affecting the quality or the availability of the data assimilated by the model. Selected statistical parameters (number of observations, bias correction, and mean bias-corrected background, analysis departures and probability of gross error) are checked against an expected range. An appropriate alert message (including a time series plot) is generated if statistics are outside the specified ranges. A severity level (slight, considerable, severe) is assigned to each message depending on how far statistics are from the expected values. Two kinds of ranges are used by the automatic checking: Soft and Hard limits. Soft limits are updated automatically using statistics from the last twenty days (extremes are excluded during this process). Hard limits are adjusted manually when required.

Currently, the automatic checking is limited to data passing through the minimisation process (including VarBC passive data). It's being applied twice a day to the delayed cut-off 4D-VAR cycles (00 and 12) and four times a day to the early delivery assimilation system (00,06,12 and 18).

The alarm system results are based on feedback information from the ECMWF data assimilation and consequently reflect the ECMWF data usage. Although most warnings are related to data problems, they may on occasion also be related to model issues. Alerts are provided for information on an as-is basis and may be withdrawn or changed without notice. ECMWF accepts no responsibility for actions taken on the basis of these results.

Early delivery 4D-VAR at 2019-09-21 06:00

amsua
NOAA-19/AMSUA RADIANCES (10 channels affected) : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=1853.0000, expected range: 2236.1010 3317.4666
iasi
All METOP-A/IASI RADIANCES ALL CHANNELS Global : all data missing
Severely_persistent: obs_number=0, expected range: 0.00 25251.84
METOP-C/IASI RADIANCES (249 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: obs_number=22430.0000, expected range: 47721.0062 69814.6472
gpsro
All TERRASAR-X SETTING ALL HEIGHTS Global : all data missing
Severely_persistent: obs_number=0, expected range: 0.00 1415.96
Radiosondes
All HIGH RESO LAND TEMP Q (G/KG) ALL LAYERS WMO BLOCK 6 : all data missing
Severe: obs_number=0, expected range: 27.54 103.08
All HIGH RESO SEA TEMP WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) ALL LAYERS Global : all data missing
Severe: obs_number=0, expected range: 93.58 137.05
HIGH RESO LAND TEMP WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) PRESSURE LAYER 600-900 (HPA : out of range
Slight: avg_fgdepar=1.8181, expected range: 0.6536 1.7090
Slight: rms_fgdepar=3.0285, expected range: 0.4003 2.5016
buoy
MOORED BUOYS WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) : out of range
11 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Severely_persistent: obs_number=106.0000, expected range: 85.1731 93.2269