Operational Data Checking

An automatic data checking system has been implemented at ECMWF to trigger warnings in case of anomalies affecting the quality or the availability of the data assimilated by the model. Selected statistical parameters (number of observations, bias correction, and mean bias-corrected background, analysis departures and probability of gross error) are checked against an expected range. An appropriate alert message (including a time series plot) is generated if statistics are outside the specified ranges. A severity level (slight, considerable, severe) is assigned to each message depending on how far statistics are from the expected values. Two kinds of ranges are used by the automatic checking: Soft and Hard limits. Soft limits are updated automatically using statistics from the last twenty days (extremes are excluded during this process). Hard limits are adjusted manually when required.

Currently, the automatic checking is limited to data passing through the minimisation process (including VarBC passive data). It's being applied twice a day to the delayed cut-off 4D-VAR cycles (00 and 12) and four times a day to the early delivery assimilation system (00,06,12 and 18).

The alarm system results are based on feedback information from the ECMWF data assimilation and consequently reflect the ECMWF data usage. Although most warnings are related to data problems, they may on occasion also be related to model issues. Alerts are provided for information on an as-is basis and may be withdrawn or changed without notice. ECMWF accepts no responsibility for actions taken on the basis of these results.

Ensemble Data Assimilation at 2019-09-20 00:00

amsua
METOP-A/AMSUA RADIANCES (10 channels affected) : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: obs_number=2978.0000, expected range: 6659.7195 14843.3662
METOP-A/AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 9 : out of range
Considerable: avg_biascorr=0.1519, expected range: 0.1715 0.2329
iasi
All METOP-A/IASI RADIANCES ALL CHANNELS Global : all data missing
Severe: obs_number=0, expected range: 0.00 27299.58
atms
NOAA20/ATMS RADIANCES (22 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: obs_number=10031.0000, expected range: 12309.0227 14682.3827
gpsro
All TERRASAR-X SETTING ALL HEIGHTS Global : all data missing
Severely_persistent: obs_number=0, expected range: 0.00 1419.71
All TANDEM-X RISING ALL HEIGHTS Global : all data missing
Severely_persistent: obs_number=0, expected range: 3.85 1092.84
Radiosondes
HIGH RESO LAND TEMP Q (G/KG) (3 pressure layers affected) : out of range
Severe: obs_number=94.0000, expected range: 175.3798 198.5091
HIGH RESO SEA TEMP Q (G/KG) PRESSURE LAYER 0-300 (HPA) : missing
Severe: obs_number=0.0000, expected range: 0.0000 398.6225
HIGH RESO LAND TEMP TEMPERATURE (K) PRESSURE LAYER 900-1200 (HPA) : out of range
Considerable: rms_fgdepar=2.0041, expected range: 0.0809 1.2846
HIGH RESO LAND TEMP WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) (4 pressure layers affected : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=142.0000, expected range: 185.2673 340.6216
HIGH RESO SEA TEMP WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) PRESSURE LAYER 0-300 (HPA) : out of range
Considerable: avg_fgdepar=4.6319, expected range: 1.2776 3.3901
Slight: rms_fgdepar=5.2843, expected range: 1.4023 4.0769
HIGH RESO SEA TEMP TEMPERATURE (K) PRESSURE LAYER 0-300 (HPA) : out of range
Slight: rms_fgdepar=1.4453, expected range: 0.2020 1.2621
prof
EUROPEAN WIND PROFILER VECTOR DIFF (M/S) PRESSURE LAYER 900-1200 (HPA) : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=1351.0000, expected range: 759.4083 1196.5917
synop
AUTOMATIC LAND SYNOP SURFACE PRESSURE (PA) : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=286.0000, expected range: 312.8364 362.2224
MANUAL LAND SYNOP SURFACE PRESSURE (PA) : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: obs_number=104.0000, expected range: 114.4390 152.1492
buoy
MOORED BUOYS WIND VECTOR DIFF (M/S) : out of range
2 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Severe: obs_number=218.0000, expected range: 191.4022 194.8681