Operational Data Checking

An automatic data checking system has been implemented at ECMWF to trigger warnings in case of anomalies affecting the quality or the availability of the data assimilated by the model. Selected statistical parameters (number of observations, bias correction, and mean bias-corrected background, analysis departures and probability of gross error) are checked against an expected range. An appropriate alert message (including a time series plot) is generated if statistics are outside the specified ranges. A severity level (slight, considerable, severe) is assigned to each message depending on how far statistics are from the expected values. Two kinds of ranges are used by the automatic checking: Soft and Hard limits. Soft limits are updated automatically using statistics from the last twenty days (extremes are excluded during this process). Hard limits are adjusted manually when required.

Currently, the automatic checking is limited to data passing through the minimisation process (including VarBC passive data). It's being applied twice a day to the delayed cut-off 4D-VAR cycles (00 and 12) and four times a day to the early delivery assimilation system (00,06,12 and 18).

The alarm system results are based on feedback information from the ECMWF data assimilation and consequently reflect the ECMWF data usage. Although most warnings are related to data problems, they may on occasion also be related to model issues. Alerts are provided for information on an as-is basis and may be withdrawn or changed without notice. ECMWF accepts no responsibility for actions taken on the basis of these results.

Ensemble Data Assimilation at 2021-01-01 00:00

amsua
NOAA-19 AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 14 : out of range
Severe: stdev_fgdepar=1.0598, expected range: 0.8196 0.9502
NOAA-15 AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 7 : out of range
Considerable: avg_biascorr=-0.0408, expected range: -0.0127 0.0363
NOAA-19 AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 11 : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=0.3876, expected range: 0.1529 0.3047
METOP-A AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 10 : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=0.2926, expected range: 0.1830 0.2504
METOP-A AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 11 : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=0.4062, expected range: 0.1931 0.3245
METOP-A AMSUA RADIANCES (6 channels affected) : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=6860.0000, expected range: 7197.7946 8447.8304
METOP-B AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 14 : out of range
1 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=1.5379, expected range: 0.7333 1.2167
METOP-B AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 10 : out of range
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=0.2773, expected range: 0.1689 0.2326
METOP-C AMSUA RADIANCES CHANNEL 10 : out of range
Considerable: stdev_fgdepar=0.2632, expected range: 0.1476 0.2185
iasi
METOP-A IASI RADIANCES (201 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: obs_number=14891.0000, expected range: 22051.3213 22396.1787
METOP-C IASI RADIANCES CHANNEL 201 : out of range
2 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Considerable: avg_biascorr=-0.0623, expected range: -0.0419 -0.0066
cris
NOAA20 CRIS RADIANCES (11 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: avg_fgdepar=0.1319, expected range: -0.0779 0.0413
NPP CRIS RADIANCES CHANNEL 33 : out of range
Considerable: avg_fgdepar=0.1338, expected range: -0.0937 0.0573
NPP CRIS RADIANCES CHANNEL 147 : out of range
Slight: stdev_fgdepar=0.1479, expected range: 0.1145 0.1378
NOAA20 CRIS RADIANCES (43 channels affected) : out of range
Slight: stdev_fgdepar=0.2079, expected range: 0.1608 0.1957
airs
All AQUA AIRS ALL CHANNELS Global : all data missing
Severely_persistent: obs_number=0, expected range: 13916.80 24795.20
mhs
METOP-A MHS ALLSKY RADIANCES CHANNEL 3 : out of range
33 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Severely_persistent: avg_norm_fgdepar=-0.1261, expected range: -0.0244 0.0288
Severely_persistent: stdev_norm_fgdepar=0.4364, expected range: 0.1379 0.1500
METOP-A MHS ALLSKY RADIANCES CHANNEL 4 : out of range
30 times in the last 10 days for at least one item
Severely_persistent: avg_norm_fgdepar=-0.1546, expected range: -0.0426 0.0464
Severely_persistent: stdev_norm_fgdepar=0.4438, expected range: 0.0546 0.1765
mwhs2
FY-3C MWHS2 ALLSKY RADIANCES (8 channels affected) : out of range
Considerable: obs_number=4729.0000, expected range: 6540.9858 12578.5697
atms
NPP ATMS RADIANCES (5 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: stdev_fgdepar=0.2845, expected range: 0.1674 0.2268
NOAA20 ATMS RADIANCES (6 channels affected) : out of range
Severe: stdev_fgdepar=0.2769, expected range: 0.1348 0.1941
Atmospheric Motion Vector
All NOAA-15 AVHRR IR ALL LAYERS Global : all data missing
Severe: obs_number=0, expected range: 0.00 555.98
All NOAA-18 AVHRR IR ALL LAYERS Global : all data missing
Severe: obs_number=0, expected range: 49.86 433.19